15 Essential Tips You Should Know Before Your First Scuba Liveaboard Diving Trip: A Guide For Beginners

Michael Smulian
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aerial view bow of scuba liveaboard anchored at sea
The Ultimate Beginners Guide to Liveaboard Scuba Diving

Essential tips and things to consider before going on your first scuba diving liveaboard trip. This Liveaboard Diving Guide For Beginners shares what to expect, how to budget, what gear and equipment you’ll need, to what certifications are required.

If you’re reading this, you’re probably an avid scuba diver like us. Looking to take your scuba diving experience to the next level. If not, don’t worry! Our Scuba Diving For Beginners has you covered.

We recently returned from our first liveaboard trip. But before we relive our first experience out at sea, we’ll guide you through the basics about scuba liveaboards we wish we knew as beginners.

We’ll explain what liveaboard diving is and help you decide which liveaboard is best for you. We’ll also cover everything else from what they cost and what certification you require, to what you can expect living on board these cruises.

inside of a scuba diving liveaboard boat with a view of the ocean and steering wheel
Looking out to the ocean from a liveaboard
Table of Contents icon

What to Consider When Booking a Liveaboard Diving Trip

If you’re a beginner thinking of booking your first liveaboard trip, like any other vacation, there’s plenty that you need to consider before you go. Careful planning and realistic expectations will help you make the most of whatever destination and itinerary you choose.

With hundreds of liveaboard boats operating worldwide, the options can seem endless. But don’t worry, we’ll simplify things for you. Asking the right questions, and doing your homework before booking, will help you plan the perfect liveaboard diving trip.

man holding a compass and planning a scuba diving liveaboard vacation
Planning for the next scuba diving liveaboard won’t require a compass

What is Liveaboard Diving

A liveaboard is a boat that can accommodate scuba divers out at sea. Think of it as a floating dive centre with everything you need on board to do recreational diving on demand.

Liveaboards are equipped to be out at sea for several days, sometimes weeks, on any given trip. That’s why they are the preferred option for hard-to-reach dive sites. These liveaboard boats are also referred to as dive safaris, dive charters or dive cruises. So don’t get confused as they are one and the same.

an aerial view of a scuba diving liveaboard from the sky in the middle of a turquoise ocean
In the middle of nowhere on a liveaboard

How to Choose the Right Liveaboard Boat

Similar to booking hotels, your budget will be the most important consideration. There are a wide variety of liveaboards and their price vary from budget to ultra-luxury boats. Budget vs luxury dive boats mostly depend on their amenities.

Things to Consider When Choosing A Liveaboard Diving Boat As Beginners

  • What dive certification or experience (minimum dives) is required?
  • What is the sleeping arrangement?
  • Do I have to share a toilet?
  • Does the price include equipment rental?
  • Does it include alcohol?
  • Is there a camera equipment room?
a paper boat floating on the ocean with a diving liveaboard in the background
What to consider when picking a diving liveaboard

How Much Does Scuba Liveaboard Diving Trips Cost

How to budget for a liveaboard and the price you’ll pay varies quite a bit. Budget liveaboards usually offer dorm style accommodation and shared toilets, and tend to cost way less than luxury liveaboards.

Luxury liveaboards are certainly more expensive, but they include all the frills one can expect from paying top dollar. Imagine having your very own private suite with a jacuzzi floating somewhere in the Andaman Sea.

There is literally no limit to what you can find on these cruises. But the good thing is that there are an unlimited number of options in-between to cater for any budget. You’ll never run out of choices as liveaboard beginners!

all meals are included on luxury diving liveaboards
Luxury diving liveaboards can be very expensive

Liveaboard trips are charged prices are quoted in USD, so it’s easier to compare them depending on the amenities available. Expect to pay anything from $100 per night for a budget liveaboard trip. A luxury liveaboard can cost up to $1,000 per night.

We found that more modern cruises tend to cost more than older remodelled ones. The best way to compare prices is by browsing available charters on Liveaboard.com or PADI Travel.

a boat for scuba diving floating on the ocean surface
Modern liveaboards are more expensive

What’s Included in the Price of a Liveaboard

It all depends on the type of liveaboard you choose. More luxury liveaboards tend to offer all-inclusive packages (including alcohol, Nitrox and even yoga classes). While budget friendly liveaboard diving cruises may only include accommodation, food and basic rental equipment.

Liveaboard operators will always tell you what they cover and what you’ll have to pay extra for before you book your trip.

view of the bottom of a boat with a glossy wood finish
A diving liveaboard is more than just a boat!

Things Not Included in the Price of a Liveaboard

  • Alcohol
  • Dive Computer
  • Under Water Cameras and Accessories
  • National Park Entrance Fees
  • Tips

Related Guide: Looking for travel- and eco-friendly scuba gear and accessories to take on your first diving liveaboard? Check out our Gifts for Scuba Divers guide.

a turtle swimming in the ocean of one of the top liveaboard destinations in the world
Spotting a turtle on our dive

Tipping on a Liveaboard

It is not mandatory to tip on a scuba diving liveaboard. But it is quite common and highly recommended, especially if you’re really pleased with the service you received on board. The amount totally depends on you. But the going rate seems to be 10% to 20% of the cost of the trip.

As beginners, make sure you have some cash on you if you do plan to tip. Bring it onboard with you because the liveaboard will very likely not come with its own ATM. We always use our Revolut card when we travel. Not only do we get free cash withdrawals, it also allows us to buy foreign currency at the best prices.

If you’re not getting that with your travel card, then maybe you should read up on our 7 Honest Reasons Why Revolut Is the Best Travel Card and consider switching.

different ropes uses on boats and diving liveaboards
It’s common to tip when diving with a liveaboard

What To Take On A Liveaboard?

Whether scuba gear rental is included with your dive liveaboard or not, you’ll still need to bring some things.

Essential items like your dive cards, dive insurance documents, passports, and medication, to more everyday items like clothes, toiletries and flipflops.

If you’re not sure what to bring, grab our free checklist in our What To Pack For A Liveaboard Dive Trip guide. This ridiculously detailed packing list has everything from must-have scuba gear and accessories, to clothes and optional personal items you may have overlooked.

How Many Divers Do I Need to Book a Liveaboard

Recreational scuba diving was built on the premise of the buddy system. We’ve met many divers around the world, and most of them usually travel in pairs. Booking a diving liveaboard is no different as most of them accommodate divers based on double occupancy.

two clown fish huddled amongst soft coral captured whilst scuba diving
We found Nemo!

Liveaboard Group Offers

If you’re diving with a larger group (6 or more), you can either book as a group to get a discount or you can charter the entire boat. Liveaboard charters allows more flexibility and control over the itinerary.

planning for a scuba diving liveaboard trip with a world map and a compass
Plan ahead to get the best liveaboard deals and offers

Liveaboards for Solo Travellers

If you’re a solo traveller, don’t despair. You too can book a liveaboard trip. You’ll be paired with another diver, usually of the same sex. If you’re lucky, you may even get an entire cabin to yourself.

If you’re fussy about sharing your space with a stranger and don’t want to leave things to chance, you may have to pay a supplement. Just bear in mind that you will have to pay anything from 30% to 100% extra if you want your own cabin.

If you’re on a budget, there are also liveaboards that specifically cater to solo travellers. They offer dorm room style accommodation in large rooms giving you a bit more privacy without breaking the bank.

a beginners scuba diver floating in the ocean
How to plan a scuba liveaboard when diving solo

What Certification is Required for Liveaboard Diving

Liveaboards will generally inform you what type of certification you require before you book your trip. The certification requirement will depend on dive specific conditions such as the dive location, depth of the reefs and the difficulty of manoeuvring through its currents.

It’s totally possible to experience a liveaboard with an Open Water Diver (OWD) certification. But we don’t recommend this for scuba diving beginners.

That’s because liveaboard vacations aren’t cheap and is an experience that you’d want to make the most of. You wouldn’t want to limit yourself to certain dives just because you don’t have the required certification, right?

a diver with a technical diving certification filming under a liveaboard boat
What technical diving certificates do you need to go on a liveaboard?

For liveaboard beginners, we’d recommend getting certified for the Advanced Open Water Diver (AOWD) certification as well.

We both have our AOWD certification and it’s the best decision we’ve ever made. There hasn’t been a single dive we haven’t been able to sign up for since we completed the open water and advanced certifications 5 years ago.

The one certification we don’t have that we feel is worthwhile getting, especially if you’re planning to dive on a liveaboard, is the Nitrox certification (Enriched Air Diver course). We wish we had did this so we didn’t feel so tired after our dives so we highly recommend this for beginners.

Bear in mind that liveaboards may charge a slightly higher rate for Nitrox tanks if air tanks are already included in the price. But this is not really a requirement, but more of a “nice-to-have” for any scuba diver (beginners or advanced).

the sun shining light through the surface of the ocean
You need a Nitrox certification for some dive liveaboard trips

Liveaboard Diving Safety

Just like in any dive centre, diver safety on a liveaboard is of paramount importance to the captain and crew. A safety briefing is usually the first order of business while you begin your voyage to the edge of the world.

the wooden interior of a boat used for transporting scuba divers
Safety is always first when scuba diving

Liveaboard cruises come equipped with a first aid kit, as well as emergency oxygen. You’ll also notice fire extinguishers and axes placed in certain areas of the boat in case of fire. No operator wants to have an incident on board as this would have a huge impact on their credibility. So every effort goes into making sure that you return in one piece.

Save Me For Later

best scuba diving liveaboard
Pin me on Pinterest to read later!

There’s obviously an element of risk involved not only while scuba diving, but also being out at sea for several days. So just make sure you follow the crew’s safety guidelines and instructions and you should have an enjoyable time out at sea.

What to Expect on a Liveaboard Diving Trip As Beginners

So you’ve just booked your first liveaboard safari and you’re excited about your upcoming trip. Before you start jumping for joy, there are a few things you need to consider before boarding a liveaboard as beginners. Like, how are you supposed to deal with living on a boat with a bunch of strangers for the next 5 nights?

Liveaboards run extremely smooth operations. Since everyone is working in confined spaces, everything has to happen seamlessly, like clockwork. So unless you want to be that person that everyone loves to hate, you’ll need to pull your weight like everyone else on board.

a woman looking at her apple iwatch
What to expect on a scuba diving liveaboard as beginners

I’m not talking about lifting tanks and other heavy equipment. That’s all handled by the crew. I’m referring to being a team player and being considerate to your fellow divers.

How to Prepare for a Liveaboard As Beginners

The unspoken rule on liveaboards is to be punctual at all times. Be it for dinner, a dive briefing or just suiting up for your next dive. It’s probably even better to arrive 5 minutes early so you can brush up on some reading about your next dive site, quiz the dive master about any concerns you may have or just grab a cup of coffee and enjoy the company of your fellow divers.

You’ll be spending a lot of time around strangers. So the sooner you open up and let your guard down, the sooner you’ll feel more at home and comfortable on the boat. Some of our most memorable diving experiences have involved making friends along the way. We also stay in touch and occasionally plan scuba diving trips together.

planning liveaboard trip with a map, laptop, notebook
How to prepare for your first diving liveaboard

How to Deal with Seasickness and Illness on a Liveaboard

If like us, you’re prone to getting sea sick, the thought of being out at sea for a week on a liveaboard may sound like a nightmare. Fortunately, we live in the 21st century.

With advances in medical technology, you no longer have to contend with seasickness if you’re a scuba diver. Pharmaceutical companies now have a wide range of sea sickness medication that is suitable for scuba diving.

Liveaboard crew understand all too well that being seasick is a real struggle among scuba divers. We were offered motion sickness tablets before we jumped aboard and we were pleasantly surprised that there were no side effects at all. Our liveaboard experience was simply smooth and enjoyable.

Ear infection is also a common problem amongst scuba divers. So it’s really important to protect your ears. Keep them clean, dry and shielded from the wind when you’re not scuba diving. We found this out the “painful” way when we had to abort our last dive due to ear discomfort. Luckily the crew had ear drops on hand, which helped us manage the pain.

Diving anxiety is another common issue that not many people talk about. This can range from some light pre-dive jitters before a dive, to full blown underwater claustrophobia. So don’t feel guilty if you’ve ever felt nervous, fearful or anxious underwater as beginners.

We’ve personally experienced this too and have over time come up with 11 Scuba Diving Tips To Help Overcome Diving Anxiety. Make sure to read this if you want to learn how to stay calm when scuba diving.

a yacht on the ocean sailing into a thunderstorm
How to deal with motion sickness when on a scuba diving liveaboard

Related Guide: Do you love diving as much as we do? Get some inspiration on awesome scuba diving destinations and find out what it’s like to dive in Zanzibar.

Sleeping Conditions on a Liveaboard

Not being a morning person simply cannot exist on a liveaboard. We tried really hard to sleep in after the first night. But the excitement of floating somewhere on the Andaman Sea had us reaching for our 5am alarm clock well before the time, so we could catch a glimpse of the sunrise.

Honestly, we struggled to sleep on the first night. Maybe we didn’t sleep at all, which would explain why we woke up early. But after completing 5 dives on your first full day aboard a liveaboard, it’s impossible not to sleep like a baby from the second night.

The never ending swaying, the sound of the engine powering up in the early hours of the morning to propel you to the next dive site, and insistent sound of crashing waves certainly takes some getting used to. But hey, it’s an experience after all.

long exposure of sunrise on sail rock in thailand
View of sunrise for the early risers

Diving on a Liveaboard: The Dive Briefing

If you’ve scuba dived before, then you know there’s a dive brief before every dive. The same applies to diving on a liveaboard.

As some of the dive sites you’ll likely dive in are very remote and not often frequented by divers, your dive master is the go-to person. They’ll brief and prepare you as well as possible so you can have the best possible experience on your liveaboard adventure.

a scuba diving holding onto their diving camera and light
What to expect on your first liveaboard

Bear in mind that certain dive sites are more challenging than others. One of our most difficult and challenging diving experiences was aboard a liveaboard at a dive site called The Pinnacle off Koh Tachai Island (Similan Islands). The current was easily the strongest we’ve had to endure. But it was right up there with some of the best diving we’ve done.

Dive masters will always be forthcoming about how difficult your next dive will be. And if you’re not comfortable doing something, just say so and you can sit that one out. The nice thing for beginners is that dive masters will always allow you to attempt a dive. And if you don’t feel comfortable, they’ll usually come back up with you so you can abort your dive.

And on the surface you’ll be greeted by the liveaboard boat and its friendly crew, and a refreshing alcoholic beverage (only if it’s your last dive) to drown your sorrows, while the rest continue on their merry way.

a carafe of water sitting on a table with a view of the ocean
It’s important to stay hydrated when scuba diving

Ultimately, the crew is there to make sure you’re comfortable during every step (or sway) of your journey. So if you have specific dietary requirements, allergies, or you’ve received two left fins, don’t be afraid to ask for assistance.

Choosing the Perfect Liveaboard Destination

Our scuba diving journey started about 5 years ago. The allure of the open ocean had us hooked after we experienced our first snorkelling trip off the coast of Mozambique.

Fast forward 5 years, in the process racking up over 100 dives across some of the most sought after diving destinations in the world, you’d think that a “just for fun” hobby would have satisfied our curiosity. Actually, it had the opposite effect!

Our scuba diving journey has not only created a void within us, but has sparked a flame that has propelled us to fill the emptiness by venturing to the farthest corners of the planet to seek out the wonders of our seas and oceans.

That’s why we decided to take our scuba diving experience to the next level and set off on our maiden liveaboard voyage in pursuit of the best liveaboard diving destinations across the world.

first liveaboard trip with a view of the ocean
The best scuba destinations for diving liveaboards

The Best Liveaboard Diving Destinations

So now that we’ve each completed over 100 dives (we’re not bragging, we’re just really excited about scuba diving). We’ve been able to conclude that some of the best scuba diving destinations are the hard-to-reach dive sites, the ones that are mostly only accessible by liveaboard boats.

We’ve been really lucky to dive Sipadan in Malaysia and the Similan and Surin islands in Thailand. These, along with the many other dive sites that appear in the debateable top 10 lists, have one thing in common. They’re usually best dived or only accessible by liveaboard. That’s because they’re more remote and are also less frequented by scuba divers.

So if you’re considering liveaboard diving as beginners, make sure they tick these two boxes so you get the most out of your liveaboard vacation.

an aerial view of an island that is known for being one of the best scuba diving destinations in the world
The top scuba diving destinations around the world

Here is our bucket list of liveaboard diving destinations (and their top boat) that we’re plotting and scheming to get to in the foreseeable future:

Each diving destination has unique aquatic life, currents and even topography. So do some research and compile a list based on what you want to see and experience underwater when deciding your next liveaboard destination.

great white sharks in the dark ocean
It’s common to see sharks when diving around the Galapagos Islands

Why Liveaboard was the Best Option for Us

From the minute we completed our PADI certifications, we knew diving would always be an activity we would add to our itinerary whilst on vacation. We never imagined scuba diving to be the entire vacation itself.

So we started introducing dive-only destinations to our itinerary, breaking up our entire vacation into mini vacations which now included activities such as jungle trekking, island hopping and scuba diving.

scuba fins, regulators and other diving gear you need for liveaboards
Scuba diving gear and equipment required for liveaboards

Before We Discovered Liveaboard Diving

Initially, it was great. We’d spend a week hiking through a rainforest in Northern Sumatra, spend another week exploring the beaches of a tropical island in Thailand, and for the remaining few days, scuba dive to our heart’s content.

But the more we dived, the more our time out at sea felt more and more short-lived. We were hooked! Excuse the pun. We were yearning for more from our mini diving vacation.

A 45 minute bumpy trip across the bay, in the blistering heat, on a small dinghy, for a double dive, with soggy sandwiches served during the surface interval just didn’t cut it anymore. We had this feeling that there was a hidden level, a secret room, a “by invite only” way of diving that we were missing out on.

That’s when we discovered liveaboard diving and why going back to day trip diving seems impossible now that we’ve seen the Promised Land.

man stretching out his hand to the sun with a ocean in front
You can’t go back to regular diving after experiencing a liveaboard

Why Scuba Diving Has Been Ruined Forever

We’re probably starting to sound like spoilt little brats. Well, maybe we are. Give a kid a tin of sweetened condensed milk and they’ll probably eat themselves into an upset stomach. That’s literally what happened to us. We got a taste of something so good, so sweet, and so unique, that we couldn’t get enough of.

Now we’re left with this bittersweet feeling of knowing that no other scuba diving trip will be adequate unless it’s on a liveaboard. Experiencing a liveaboard for the first time really made everything clear to us. What we have always been after is simple: explore the world’s best dive sites, to our heart’s content.

a couple on a liveaboard diving trip around Similan Island in Thailand
Our first liveaboard trip together in the Similan Islands, Thailand.

Why You Should Consider Liveaboard Diving on Your Next Vacation

There is no doubt that a liveaboard experience is one of a kind. Yeah sure, seasickness, bad weather and being confined to a ship doesn’t really sound like the most ideal way of having fun.

But on the upside, being able to explore some of the world’s best dive sites, while exploring multiple reefs and diving at your hearts content on a given day (up to 5 dives a day) really makes liveaboard diving an experience like no other.

What’s best is that you won’t only be scuba diving in some of the world’s best diving destinations. But you’ll also explore new places and meet some of the nicest and like-minded people from all corners of the world. And that’s why liveaboard diving is an experience every scuba diver should try at least once in their life.

Planning you first liveaboard experience? Check out our Best Liveaboard Boats Around the World guide. Discover how much the best liveaboard boats cost and which of the best dive sites around the world you can explore.

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